From an anatomical perspective, the foot is an impressive feat (pun intended) of engineering with 100 ligaments, 33 joints, 26 bones, 19 muscles and untold numbers of nerve endings all working simultaneously for movement, flexibility and sensation. With so many working parts in play however, the potential for problems is huge, particularly given the abuse we deal our feet and every day.
The most common causes of foot pain are usually due to overuse, injury, structural damage or some combination thereof. And according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons about 90% of those are exacerbated by poorly fitting shoes.
Some conditions will improve just wearing better shoes while other structural injuries may require the fitting of an orthotic or even surgical treatment by a podiatrist or other surgeon.
As with any pain, if it occurs after an accident or injury or is chronically persistent,it’s time to seek medical attention. While recovering from medical foot procedures or not-serious but otherwise uncomfortable conditions (e.g. blisters, corns, ingrown nails) Biochemistry’s Heel No Pain can make the going a lot easier.
Structural foot pain sources common to athletes (male and female)
Heel spur. A little outgrowth of the bone that may require minor surgery to shave away, these grow as the bone tries to heal after repetitive stress and inflammation.
Stress fracture. A broken bone caused by repetitive pounding, most often in second and third metatarsals located midfoot, but also common in the heel (calcaneus), the lower leg’s outer bone (fibula), and the navicular, a bone on the top of the midfoot.
Tendonitis. Inflammation in the tendon. This most commonly occurs in the Achille’s tendon.
Metatarsalgia. An imbalance in the long bones of the foot causing extreme discomfort in the ball of the foot. Though sports are the most common cause, metatarsalgia can also be cases by too-small toe boxes in shoes that cramp.
Sprained ankle. A ligament in the ankle that is stretched or torn and the most common athletic injury.
Structural foot pain sources common to too-tight shoes (mostly female)
Bunion. After years of being squeezed into tight shoes, usually pointed,the big toe joint (or less frequently, the joint outside the little toe) becomes misaligned where the toe bulges outward, becomes inflamed and may swell uncomfortably. Bunions also have a significant genetic component.
Hammer toe.Where a toe, usually the second, arches up to look like a claw;hammertoes frequently occur in feet with bunions. A mallet toe, also usually the second, occurs when the bones curve downward as does a claw toe.
Foot pain sources common from poorly fitting shoes (male and female)
Blisters. Painful, raised fluid-filled cavities and the top layer of skin separates itself where there is friction or rubbing. If a blister’s top layer of skin comes off or is removed, there is raw red skin underneath that is prone to infection. If the source of the friction or irritation is not removed, over time the blistered area will turn into hardened, unsightly calluses. Blisters occur in all areas of the feet with most common areas on the back of the heel or wherever there is rubbing.
Corn. Cone-shaped lesions of hard, thick skin with a painful core that form on a toe or a bony prominence where there is rubbing or irritation. Though a corn is a type of callus, all calluses are not necessarily corns.
Plantar fasciitis. Pain in the arch (particularly first thing in the morning) and/or swelling when the thick fibrous band of tissue that connects from the heel to the toes (plantar facsia) becomes weak, irritated or swollen.
Black toenail. Bruising (subungual hemotoma) under the nail caused by pressure or stubbing.
Ingrown toenail. Painful swelling where a too-short nail grows into the tissue rather than outward.
Neuroma. Pain between the third and fourth toes caused by a pinched nerve.
Neither Heel No Pain/Active nor Heel No Pain/Style by Biochemistry are intended as a substitute for medical treatment. Heel No Pain/Active and Heel No Pain/Style are non-prescription products for the temporary relief of discomfort in the feet. If pain is chronic, follows an injury or lasts for more than three days without ceasing, see an appropriate physician or health care professional.